Resolution Guide

Resolution Guide

CHS rejects removable storage devices (including USB flash drives) so please email all resolutions to your Head Chair, whose address is on your committee page. You should also bring a couple of printed copies for lobbying.

In debate and in their resolutions, delegates must adopt the views and beliefs of the nation that they are representing. Resolutions are not permitted to authorise declarations of war or uses of force (outside of the Security Council), and won't be permitted for debate if they do.



Resolutions should begin with three lines stating the committee to which it's being submitted, the topic it addresses, and the submitting country/countries. Line numbers should be included throughout for reference.

Preambulatory Clauses

Preambulatory clauses should lay out information and treaties to which the resolution will go on to refer to, and briefly establish the reasons the topic requires addressing. Generally though, they are most useful when they only catalogue information that will aid a delegate's understanding of your resolution. They must begin with one of the preambulatory clause words listed, which should be in italics. The clauses should not be numbered.

Operative Clauses

Operative clauses should detail the actions your resolution will propose. A good test is to imagine viewing your clause in isolation, and seeing if the actions it proposes still do something; if each of your clauses enacts solid action on a part of the topic, then your resolution will be very comprehensive. Operative clauses should start with one of the listed terms, which should be in bold, and they should be numbered. Sub-clauses should be labelled a, b, c, etc. and sub-sub-clauses i, ii, iii, etc.

Preambulatory clauses

  • Affirming

  • Alarmed by

  • Approving

  • Aware of

  • Bearing in mind

  • Believing

  • Confident

  • Contemplating

  • Convinced

  • Declaring

  • Deeply concerned

  • Deeply conscious

  • Deeply convinced

  • Deeply disturbed

  • Deeply regretting

  • Desiring

  • Emphasizing

  • Expecting

  • Expressing its appreciation

  • Expressing its satisfaction

  • Fulfilling

  • Fully alarmed

  • Fully aware

  • Fully believing

  • Further deploring

  • Further recalling

  • Guided by

  • Having adopted

  • Having considered

  • Having considered further

  • Having devoted attention

  • Having examined

  • Having heard

  • Having received

  • Having studied

  • Keeping in mind

  • Noting with regret

  • Noting with deep concern

  • Noting with satisfaction

  • Noting further

  • Noting with approval

  • Observing

  • Reaffirming

  • Realizing

  • Recalling

  • Recognizing

  • Referring

  • Seeking

  • Taking into account

  • Taking into consideration

  • Taking note

  • Viewing with appreciation

  • Welcoming

Operative Clauses

  • Accepts

  • Affirms

  • Approves

  • Asks

  • Authorises

  • Calls

  • Calls for

  • Calls upon

  • Condemns*

  • Confirms

  • Congratulates

  • Considers

  • Declares accordingly

  • Demands*

  • Deplores

  • Designates

  • Draws the attention

  • Emphasises

  • Encourages

  • Endorses

  • Expresses its appreciation

  • Expresses its hope

  • Further invites

  • Further proclaims

  • Further reminds

  • Further recommends

  • Further requests

  • Further resolves

  • Has resolved

  • Notes

  • Proclaims

  • Reaffirms

  • Recommends

  • Regrets

  • Reminds

  • Requests

  • Solemnly affirms

  • Strongly condemns*

  • Supports

  • Takes note of

  • Transmits

  • Trusts

  • Urges

*Note: Operative clauses in bold are only to be used in the Security Council